Selasa, 05 September 2017

shopping at bashas market

Buying in the correct store can be a need to. When you're planning to search for broad arrays of goods, you need to mind to your department shop that delivers you all the things you need. 1 in the very best dept. retailer which provides you with wide-ranging merchandise is Bashas . Purchasing at this store will give you a whole lot of benefits.

You will find many rewards that you choose to’ll get from purchasing at Bashas . Considered one of them is which you will likely be capable to have major reductions. This department keep gives good sale made, greatest cope, and cashback pretty often. As a result, you can shop sparingly and save the remainder of the cash for something additional vital.

To determine those finest discounts, you may test them on Bashas Weekly Ad.

Another advantages that you just’ll get from looking at this dept. store is usually that it truly is close in your site. Bashas locations are located all across the nation. You'll find a lot more than 1,000 Bashas division merchants in total. To find the nearest retailer for your dwelling, you are able to log on to its web site or apps. Prior to you head towards the keep, you will need to keep in mind to examine Bashas Gross sales Ad This Thirty day period.

When you will be searching at Bashas , you'll superior searching expertise. You don’t have to go from a person division retailer to yet another mainly because Bashas has everything that you need to have. Some in the classes of solutions marketed in such a retailer are house décor, footwear, baggage, accessories, outfits, playthings, electronics, appliances, and furniture. Given that this department store has wide arrays of solution classes, you can conserve your time in procuring. In addition, the many items bought at Full Food items Current market are good quality items. For that reason, you'll not be disappointed aided by the objects you bought. The keep is comfortable and its service is satisfying making sure that you might have enjoyable searching encounter.

Rabu, 30 Agustus 2017

Women in Transition From Post Feminism to Past Femininity

"[In]... the brothels off Wenceslas Square, in central Prague, [where] sexual intercourse can be bought for USD 25 - about half the price charged at a German brothel... Slav women have supplanted Filipinos and Thais as the most common foreign offering in [Europe]." (The Economist, August 2000, p.18)

"I'm also wary of the revolutionary ambition of some feminist texts, with their ideas about changing present conditions, having seen enough attempted utopia's for one lifetime" (Petr Príhoda, The New Presence, 2000, p. 35).

"As probably every country has its Amazons, if we go far back in Czech mythology, to a collection of Old Czech Legends, we come across a very interesting legend about the Dévín castle (which literally means 'The Girls' Castle'). It describes a bloody story about a rebellion of women, who started a vengeful war against men. As the story goes, they were not only capable warriors, they had no mercy and would not hesitate to kill their fathers and brothers. Under the leadership of mighty Vlasta, the "girls" lived in their castle, "Dévín", where they underwent a severe military training. They led the war very successfully, and one day Vlasta came up with an shrewd plan, how to take hostage a famous nobleman, Ctirad. She chose the lovely Sárka from the body (sic!) of her troops and had her tied up to a tree by a road with a horn and a jar of a mead out of her reach, but in her sight. In this state, Sárka was waiting for Ctirad to find her. When he actually really appeared and saw her, she told him a sad story of how the women from Dévín punished her for not following their ideology by tying her to the tree, mockingly putting a jar and a horn (so that she would be always reminded that she is thirsty and helpless) near by. Ctirad, enchanted by the beautiful woman, believed the lure and untied her, and when she handed him the mead, he willingly drunk it. When he was drunk already, she let him blow the horn, which was a signal for the Dévín warriors to capture him. He was then tortured in many horrible ways, at the end of which, his body was woven into a wooden wheel and displayed. This event mobilized the army, which soon afterwards destroyed Dévín. (Very significantly, this legend is the only account of radical feminism in Czech Lands.)" ("The Vissicitudes of Czech Feminism" by Petra Hanáková)

"We myself...and many others are not in search of global sisterhood at all, and it is only when we give up expecting it that we can get anywhere. It is each other's very 'otherness ' that motivates us, and the things we find in common take on greater meaning within the context of otherness. There is so much to learn by comparing the ways in which we are different, and which the same elements of women's experience are global, and which aren't, and wondering why, and what it means" (Jirina Siklová)

"It is difficult to carry three watermelons under one arm." (Proverb attributed to Bulgarian women)

"The high level of unemployment among women, segregation in the labour market, the increasing salary gap between women and men, the lack of women present at the decision making level, increasing violence against women, the high levels of maternal and infant mortality, the total absence of a contraceptive industry in Russia, the insufficiency of child welfare benefits, the lack of adequate resources to fund current state programs - this is only part of the long list of women's rights violations." (Elena Kotchkina, Moscow Centre for Gender Studies, "Report on the Legal Status of Women in Russia")

Communism was men's nightmare and women's dream, or so the left wing version goes. In reality it was a gender-neutral hell. Women under communism were, indeed, encouraged to participate in the labour force. An array of conveniences facilitated their participation: day care centres, kindergarten, daylong schools, abortion clinics. They had their quota in parliament. They climbed to the top of some professions (though there was a list of women-free occupations, more than 90 is Poland). But this - as most other things in communism - was a mere simulacrum.

Reality was much drearier. Women, however mettlesome, groaned under the "triple burden" - work, marital expectations cum childrearing chores and party activism. They succumbed to the lure and demands of the (stressful and boastful) image of the communist "super-woman". This martyrdom - now threatened by the dual Western imports, capitalism and feminism - served as a fountain of self-esteem and a source of self-worth in otherwise gloomy circumstances.

Yet, the communist inspired workplace revolution was not complemented by a domestic one. Women's traditional roles - so succinctly summarized by Bismarck with Prussian geniality as "kitchen, children, church" - survived the modernizing onslaught of scientific Marxism. It is true that power shifted within the family unit ("The woman is the neck that moves the head, her husband"). But the "underslippers" (as Czech men disparagingly self-labeled) still had the upper hand. In short, women were now subjected to onerous double patriarchy, both private and public (the latter propagated by the party and the state). It is not that they did not value the independence, status, social interaction and support networks that their jobs afforded them. But they resented the lack of choice (employment was obligatory) and the parasitic rule of their often useless husbands. Many of them were an integral and important part of national and social movements throughout the region. Yet, with victory secured and goals achieved, they were invariably shunned and marginalized. As a result, they felt exploited and abused. Small wonder women voted overwhelmingly for right wing parties post communism.

Yet, even after the demise of communism, Western feminism failed to take root in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The East Coast Amazons from America and their British counterparts were too ideological, too Marxist, too radical and too men-hating and family-disparaging to engender much following in the just-liberated victims of leftist ideologies. Hectoring, overly-politicized women were a staple of communism - and so was women's liberation. Women in CEE vowed: "never again".

Moreover, the evaporation of the iron curtain lifted the triple burden as well. Women finally had a choice whether to develop a career and how to balance it with family life. Granted, economic hardship made this choice highly theoretical. Once again, women had to work to make ends meet. But the stifling ethos was gone.

Communism left behind it a legal infrastructure incompatible with a modern market economy. Maternal leave was anywhere between 18 and 36 (!) months, for instance. But there were no laws to tackle domestic or spousal violence, women trafficking, organized crime prostitution rings, discrimination, inequality, marital rape, date rape and a host of other issues. There were no women's media of any kind (TV or print). No university offered a gender studies program or had a women's studies department. Communism was interested in women (and humans) as means of production. It ignored all other dimensions of their existence. In sputnik-era Russia, there were no factories for tampons or sanitary bandages, for example. Communism believed that the restructuring of class relations will resolve all other social inequities. Feminism properly belonged to the spoiled, brooding women of the West - not to the bluestockings of communism. Ignoring problems was communism's way of solving them. Thus, there was no official unemployment in the lands of socialism - or drugs, or AIDS, or unhappy women. To borrow from psychodynamic theories, Communism never developed "problem constancy".

To many, women included, communism was about the perversion of the "natural order". Men and women were catapulted out of their pre-ordained social orbits into an experiment in dystopy. When it ended, post communism became a throwback to the 19th century: its values, mores and petite bourgeois aspirations. In the exegesis of transition, communism was interpreted as an aberration, an interruption in an otherwise linear progress. It was cast as a regrettable historical accident or, worse, a criminal endeavour to be vehemently disowned and reversed.

Yet again women proved to be the prime victims of historical processes, this time of transition. They saw their jobs consumed by male-dominated privatization and male-biased technological modernization. Men in the CEE are 3 times more likely to find a job, 60-80% of all women's jobs were lost (for instance in the textile and clothing industries) and the highest rates of unemployment are among middle aged and older women ("unemployment with a female face" as it is called in Ukraine). Women constitute 50-70% of the unemployed. And women's unemployment is probably under-reported. Most unrecorded workers (omitted from the official statistics) are women. Where retraining is available (a rarity), women are trained to do computer jobs, mostly clerical and low skilled.

Men, on the other hand, are assigned to assimilate new and promising technologies. In many countries, women are asked to waive their rights under the law, or even to produce proof of sterilization before they get a job. The only ray of light is higher education, where women's participation actually increased in certain countries. But this blessing is confined to "feminine" (low pay and low status) professions. Vocational and technical schools have either closed down entirely or closed their gates to women. Even in feminized professions (such as university teaching), women make less than 20% of the upper rungs (e.g., full professorships). The tidal wave of the rising cost of education threatens to drown this trend of women's education. Studies have shown that, with rising costs, women's educational opportunities decline. Families prefer to invest - and rationally so - in their males.

Women witnessed the resurgence of nostalgic nationalism, neo traditionalism and religious revival - social forces which sought to confine them to home, hearth, spouse and children and to "liberate" them from the "forced labour" of communism. Negative demographic trends (declining life expectancy and birth rate, numerous abortions, late marriage, a high divorce rate, increasing suicide rate) conspired to provoke a "we are a dying nation" outcry and the inevitable re-emphasis of the woman's reproductive functions. Fierce debates about the morality of abortion erupted in bastions of Catholic fundamentalism (such as Poland and, to a lesser degree, Lithuania) as well as in citadels of rational agnosticism, such as the Czech Republic. Curiously, prostitution and women trafficking were accepted as inevitable. Perhaps because they catered to masculine needs.

Indeed, in feminist lore and theory, both nationalism and capitalism are "patriarchal". Nationalism allocates distinct and mutually exclusive roles to men and women. The latter are supposed to act as homemakers and have babies. Capitalism encourages the formation of impregnable male elites, disseminates new technologies mainly to male monopolies, eliminates menial and low skilled (women's) jobs and puts emphasis on masculine traits such as aggression and competitiveness. No wonder female political representation in parliaments and governments diminished dramatically since 1989. When powerless, under communism, CEE parliaments were stacked with women. Now that they are more potent elected bodies, they are almost nowhere to be seen. The few that infiltrated these august institutions are relegated to "soft" committees (social issues, usually) devoid of budgets and of influence. It is very much like under communism when the decision making party echelons were predominantly male. The only influential women then were dissidents but they seem to have rejected the fruit of their labour, democracy, in favour of tranquility and peace of mind - or to have been usurped by an emerging male establishment. Despite an education in economics, they are under-represented among business executives, the owners of privatized enterprises and the beneficiaries of favourable pay regulations and tax systems.

This erosion of their economic base coupled with the drastic decreases in child benefits, in the length of maternal leave, in the number of public and, thus, affordable child care facilities and in other support networks led to a swift deterioration in the social status and leverage of women. With their only effective contraceptive - abortion - restricted, maternal mortality exploded. So did teenage pregnancy - a result of the curtailing or absence of sex education. The rate of sexually transmitted diseases went through the roof. Violence against women - rape, spousal abuse, date rape - became epidemic. So did skyrocketing street prostitution. Widowed women - an ever more common phenomenon in CEE - are destitute and reduced to begging as the pensions of the lucky ones are ground to nil by a rising cost of living and IMF prodded stinginess. There are also more quotidian problems (often neglected by the media hungry and soundbite craving feminists) like pitiful divorce maintenance payments or decrepit maternity wards in crumbling hospitals.

Yet, women's reaction to all this was notable in its absence. After decades of forced activism and imposed altruism, the imported Western individualism mutated in CEE to malignant egotism. A sliver of the female population did well in local government and as entrepreneurs. The rest (especially the old, the rural, the less educated) stayed at home and seemed to fancy this novel experience of dependence. A generational divide emerged. Younger women discovered the joys of conspicuous consumption and mind numbing pop "culture". They constituted the masses of career opportunists, the new managerial class, shareholders and professionals - a pale imitation of the yuppies of America. Older women retreated - heaving a sigh of relief - into home and family, seeking refuge from the intrusion of tedious public matters. Economic realities still forced them to seek a job and steady income (often in a family business or in the informal economy, with no job security or regulated labour conditions) but their activism vanished into newfound and demonstrative reclusiveness.

Yet, even the young entrepreneurs often fare badly. They lack the necessary business skills, the knowledge, the supportive infrastructure, or the access to credit. The older women cannot work long hours, lack skills and, when officially employed, are expensive, due to the burden of the still effective social benefits. Thus, women can be mostly found in services, light industry and agriculture - the most non lucrative sectors of the dilapidated economies of CEE. And speaking of the social benefits not yet axed - their quality has deteriorated, access to them has been restricted and supplies are often short. The costs of public goods (mainly health and education) have been transferred from state to households either officially (a result of the commercialization of services) or surreptitiously and insidiously (e.g., patients required to purchase their own food, bed sheets and medication when hospitalized).

To blame it all on a botched transition is now in vogue. Yet, many of the problems facing the wretched women of CEE were evident as early as 30 years ago. The feminization of poverty is not a new phenomenon, nor is the feminization of certain professions and the attendant decline in both their status and their pay. Under communism, women felt as exhausted and as guilt-ridden as they feel today. They were considered unreliable workers (which they were, what with a lifetime average of 10 abortions and 2 children). Their offspring endured an alienated childhood in the brutal and faceless gulag of day care centres maintained by indifferent bureaucrats. Juvenile delinquency, a high divorce rate, single motherhood and parasitic fathers were all swept under the ideological carpet by communism. Even communism's only achievement - the inclusionary workforce - was an elaborately crafted illusion for consumption by wide-eyed Western intellectuals. In the agrarian societies which preceded communism, women worked no less. And women were not allowed to work night time or shifts or in certain jobs, nor were they paid as much as men in equal functions. Job advertising is sex-specific and sexist to this very day (in stark violation of dead letter Constitutions).

Discarding the baby with the leaking bathtub has been a hallmark of transition. Communism has done a lot for women (one of its very rare achievements). Some of these foundations were sound and durable and should have been preserved to build upon. Yet the apathy of women and the zeal of power hungry men converged to yield an old new world: patriarchal, discriminatory and iniquitous. The day of CEE feminism will come. But first, CEE has to become more Westernized.


Sabtu, 12 Agustus 2017

Fat Breast Treatments For An Improved Female Body Shape

It's one thing to be "curvaceous", the so-called ideal female body shape. It's quite another thing to have big fat breast woes. For some women, and even younger girls just in their teenage years, fat breast issues reflect family heredity which can be next to impossible to reverse.

Fortunately, the "market" has come to your rescue, with a range of low impact minimally invasive fat reduction treatments as well as the highly popular gold standard cosmetic surgery options.

How To Lose Breast Fat - Low Impact Minimally Invasive. Face it. Large pendulous breasts not only spoil the balance of your female body shape, but out-sized breasts create a literal strain on your neck and upper back from the sheer forward-hanging weight. Just one hundred years ago, women and their physicians began the drive to get control over the huge fat breast syndrome, with the initial foray into cosmetic surgical "fat harvesting". Considerably less invasive fat reduction technologies have come onto market.

* Lipodissolve - Dissolving Breasts. Since the 1950s various FDA approved fat-lowering compounds have been subjected to new applications, departing from the cholesterol focus of cardio-vascular health and moving now into the cosmetic body contouring field. By the late 1980s, European researchers established performance results for reducing breasts, along with other low volume localized body fat areas, using Lipodissolve. An 'off label' application of FDA approved formulations, Lipodissolve harnesses enzymes plus mild medications for injection directly into your breast treatment area. Result? Fat cells swell up, harden after a short period, then break down for easy elimination by your body. Find out more about treatments, costs, risk by using the resource links below.

* "Light Energy" - Ultrasound To Melt Breasts. Using an ultrasound device very similar to those used to create fetal images from inside a pregnant mom's womb, physicians can now use a carefully calibrate ultrasonic wavelength in order to bombard fat cells accumulating just below the skin. Your fat cells are relatively less complex when compared to nearby glandular tissue and nerve fiber and blood vessels, so they rapidly absorb this "new energy" which is reflected by the other cell types. Result? You might render as much as 1 to 2 pounds of drooping breasts fat. Learn how Vaser ultrasound body fat loss works, costs, typical treatment plans in the resource links.

Gold Standard Breast Augmentation Surgery. When breast fat volumes are considered medium to large, then you'll get dramatic body shaping results from breast reduction surgery. You'll need a prior health screening exam, plus you'll want to carefully consider the amount of fat reduction necessary to create a smaller firmer more balanced breast shape for your body. Breast augmentation surgery has become quite sophisticated, where exact amounts of fat, glandular tissue and sagging loose skin can be "harvested", with minimal scarring and post-op down time.

Male Breast Reduction. Contemporary lifestyle, diet and insufficient time for exercise and fitness have resulted in many men exhibiting excess breast fat. Good news, however, is that many cosmetic surgeons now offer male breast reduction or gynecomastia surgery in order to help men create a more manly breast shape.



It's one thing to be "curvaceous", the so-called ideal female body shape. It's quite another thing to have big fat breast woes. For some women, and even younger girls just in their teenage years, fat breast issues reflect family heredity which can be next to impossible to reverse.
Fortunately, the "market" has come to your rescue, with a range of low impact minimally invasive fat reduction treatments as well as the highly popular gold standard cosmetic surgery options.
How To Lose Breast Fat - Low Impact Minimally Invasive. Face it. Large pendulous breasts not only spoil the balance of your female body shape, but out-sized breasts create a literal strain on your neck and upper back from the sheer forward-hanging weight. Just one hundred years ago, women and their physicians began the drive to get control over the huge fat breast syndrome, with the initial foray into cosmetic surgical "fat harvesting". Considerably less invasive fat reduction technologies have come onto market.
* Lipodissolve - Dissolving Breasts. Since the 1950s various FDA approved fat-lowering compounds have been subjected to new applications, departing from the cholesterol focus of cardio-vascular health and moving now into the cosmetic body contouring field. By the late 1980s, European researchers established performance results for reducing breasts, along with other low volume localized body fat areas, using Lipodissolve. An 'off label' application of FDA approved formulations, Lipodissolve harnesses enzymes plus mild medications for injection directly into your breast treatment area. Result? Fat cells swell up, harden after a short period, then break down for easy elimination by your body. Find out more about treatments, costs, risk by using the resource links below.
* "Light Energy" - Ultrasound To Melt Breasts. Using an ultrasound device very similar to those used to create fetal images from inside a pregnant mom's womb, physicians can now use a carefully calibrate ultrasonic wavelength in order to bombard fat cells accumulating just below the skin. Your fat cells are relatively less complex when compared to nearby glandular tissue and nerve fiber and blood vessels, so they rapidly absorb this "new energy" which is reflected by the other cell types. Result? You might render as much as 1 to 2 pounds of drooping breasts fat. Learn how Vaser ultrasound body fat loss works, costs, typical treatment plans in the resource links.
Gold Standard Breast Augmentation Surgery. When breast fat volumes are considered medium to large, then you'll get dramatic body shaping results from breast reduction surgery. You'll need a prior health screening exam, plus you'll want to carefully consider the amount of fat reduction necessary to create a smaller firmer more balanced breast shape for your body. Breast augmentation surgery has become quite sophisticated, where exact amounts of fat, glandular tissue and sagging loose skin can be "harvested", with minimal scarring and post-op down time.
Male Breast Reduction. Contemporary lifestyle, diet and insufficient time for exercise and fitness have resulted in many men exhibiting excess breast fat. Good news, however, is that many cosmetic surgeons now offer male breast reduction or gynecomastia surgery in order to help men create a more manly breast shape.


Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/243621

Selasa, 25 Juli 2017

Cosmetic Surgery Basics - Blepharoplasty and Other Eye Surgery Types



Developing bags under the eyes is a side effect of aging. What happens is simply that in response to gravity and the decreased skin elasticity, the protective layer of fat around the eyes starts to droop. Although bags under the eyes do not mean much in terms of how healthy you are, since we have a visual and mental association of droopy eyes with the aged, this not only makes the face look older, but it also gives the person a tired, worn appearance to us. Through an eye bag removal procedure, you can look younger, more energetic and perkier.

Causes of Eye Bags

A number of aspects can in fact play a role in the formation of eye bags. At times, there is excess fat at the back the eyelid's support wall of, giving them a baggy look. The pressure of the fat around the eyes can cause ligaments, muscles and skin to slacken. The relaxed skin itself may cause the bag simply as a result of too much skin in the area. For others, the muscle in the lid has thickened or the upper eyelids form a bag due to drooping eyebrows.

These conditions each have specific names and specific procedures for correcting them. More than one of these conditions exists at once in many patients, and all must be fixed in order to improve the appearance of the skin and to remove the bags.

Blepharochalasis, for instance, is the term for the combination of thinning eyelid skin, protrusion of skin folds in the eyelids, and lid swelling. When there is an overgrowth of the eyelid muscle and a protrusion of fat, Hypertrophy of the orbicularis muscle results. Dermochalasis, on the other hand, is simply extra skin. Brow ptosis, is when the upper eyelids are baggy from drooping eyebrows. A capable surgeon will be able to recognize the cause or causes of the eye bags prior to surgery and talk about options with the patient ahead of time.

Eye Bag Removal Surgery Effects

Eye bag removal procedures are done to rectify the puffy bags that form below a patient's drooping upper lids or eyes. These are which can bags make the patient look older and tired, and for some, can even interfere with vision. Eye bag removal surgery can remove the puffy and droopy look around the eyes, but it will not eradicate crow's feet or dark circles under the eyes. Nor will eye bag removal surgery lift sagging eyebrows.

The procedure for removal of eye bags can also be used to fashion an upper eyelid crease in Asian eyes, which is called a superior palpebral eyelid fold, however it cannot eliminate natural traits associated with ethnic or racial genes. This procedure is often used along with other surgeries, such as a browlift of a facelift, to alter the overall appearance of the face and the skin on the face.

Procedure

Eye bag removal surgery entails a number of small incisions made under the eyelash. This lets the surgeon remove excess skin and fat which causes eye bags to appear. Normally the procedure, called Blepharoplasty, is performed both on the upper and lower eyelids. For the upper eyelids, a strip of skin may also be removed, but the skin is removed in a natural crease in the eyelid in order to lessen scarring.

The procedure generally involves staying all day in hospital or an overnight stay, depending on when the procedure starts.

Minggu, 09 Juli 2017

Breast Augmentation: From Raleigh to Beverly Hills, Women Want a Natural-Looking Result

Plastic surgeons from Raleigh, NC to Beverly Hills, CA have seen a trend in women seeking breast augmentation surgery. The new trend is a desire for natural looking results.

Although there are still some women who are interested in very large breast implants, most women today considering breast augmentation surgery are interested in a natural looking result with a breast profile in proportion with he rest of their frame. Often, the goal is just to get rid of their padded bra. When the goal of breast augmentation surgery is a natural breast enhancement, the results can be absolutely wonderful.

If the goal is to create a breast profile which is out of proportion to a woman's body, the results (by definition) never appear natural, and these patients frequently end up having a series of operations to address their abnormal appearance. For that reason, a woman undergoing breast augmentation should consider selecting an implant size that will help them 'fill out clothes better' and improve the overall proportion of the body.

Breast implants can be placed through different incisions and in different positions relative to the pectoralis major muscle. These options are discussed in detail during a surgical consultation. No two patients are alike, so it is important to individualize the surgical plan for each patient's own needs.

After one or more pregnancies, many women experience a loss of breast volume combined with some 'stretching out' of the breast skin. In many of these patients, an implant of moderate size will restore a very pleasing breast contour. In patients with significant drooping of the breasts, a mastopexy (breast lift) can be combined with the augmentation.

A woman with a natural-looking breast contour following breast augmentation surgery can wear sundresses, swimsuits and other clothing with confidence. She can go about her life feeling good about her figure without anyone else knowing of her "enhancement".

Minggu, 25 Juni 2017

Cosmetic Tips and Tricks - With a Little History

Cosmetics

Women have been wearing cosmetics for thousands of years. Archaeologists have evidence of men and women using cosmetics in Egypt over 6000 years ago! Wealthy Egyptian women would paint their nails, massage their faces with creams and oils, apply lipstick and eyeliner, and even color their hair. Obviously, things haven't changed that much over the last few millennia!

How Do You Put Cosmetics On?

The most important thing you can do when applying makeup is to start with a clean face. A clean face gives you the perfect palate for applying the rest of your cosmetics. A dirty face, on the other hand, will make it much more difficult. A clean face will also help keep your skin look clear and healthy.

After you have thoroughly cleaned your face, apply foundation smoothly and evenly. When applied correctly, it should not look like you're wearing foundation. The purpose of foundation is to smooth out your skin colors to cover up any blemishes and to help you put your cosmetics on better. Your face should feel light and natural. If it is obvious that you're wearing foundation, or if your face feels like it's covered with guck, then you've put too much on. Also consider if you have the right type of foundation. To work properly, the foundation has to match your skin tone as closely as possible. If you are having trouble picking the right color of foundation, talk to a cosmetics consultant at one of the cosmetics counters at your local department store. If you've only put a bit too much foundation on, you can blot at your skin with some toilet paper to remove the excess foundation without having to start from scratch.

If required, you can then apply some concealer to your face with your fingers. Concealer can be particularly useful around your eyes so any dark circles don't have you confused for a racoon! No matter where you use concealer, always remember to blend, blend, blend. If the concealer is not blended into the rest of your face, it will only draw attention to the spots your are attempting to cover up.

It is only after you've washed your face and applied foundation and concealer that you're ready to move on to the more noticeable cosmetics such as eyeliner, eye shadow, mascara, blush and lipstick.

What are Cosmetics Made Of?

The ancient Egyptians mainly made their cosmetics from clay and oils (with the occasional dash of mercury). Modern cosmetics are made from an unbelievable array of products. Lipstick often contains fish by-products and blush can contain mica, a translucent mineral! While the Food and Drug Administration controls what can be used in cosmetics, the precise ingredients are often protected as trade secrets.

If you really want to know what's going on your face, you can chose to buy organic cosmetics that will make their makeup from simple, natural materials. This can also be a useful strategy if you are concerns about animal testing. If you only want to buy cosmetics that have not been tested on animals, make sure to inquire whether the cosmetics you are purchasing were tested on animals or not.


Sabtu, 10 Juni 2017

The ABC's of Saline and Silicone Gel Breast Implants

Below is your guideline to all of the information you could possibly need about types of breast implants including saline, silicone, cohesive, gummybear, round, anatomical, high profile, low profile and moderate profile.

Here are 5 basic questons to answer before you choose an implant:

1. What fill?

2. What size?

3. What shape?

4. What surface?

5. What Profile / Projection?

1. Breast Implant Fill - Saline or Silicone?

Women today have options in breast implant fill. The first implants were filled with silicone gel. As breast implants evolved, saline (salt water) became an accepted alternative fill to silicone. Silicone can look and feel more like a real breast. Whether filled with silicone or salt water, the shell of both types is made of a firmer, silicone elastomer.

In 1992, FDA Commissioner David Kessler decided that the safety of silicone breast implants had not been established. The FDA then removed silicone breast implants from the market. Since 1992, silicone gel-filled implants have been available only to breast reconstruction patients and patients undergoing breast revision surgery. In order to receive silicone implants, women must be enrolled in clinical trials.
The current ban on silicone implants may soon be lifted.

Saline Implants Silicone Implants

2. Breast Implant Size - What is right for you?

How big your breasts going to be after surgery depend on primarily two size issues:

1) How big are you now?

2) What size implant will you choose? Your doctor will discuss other non-size factors.

Methods of choosing implant size.

Don't choose your own cc volume. Most patients may not understand all of the variables (ribcage size, chest shape, existing breast volume) that will dictate what a given implant size will do for them. Your plastic surgeon has years of training and experience to rely helping you decide on the right size implant and fill. Choose the right Breast Implant from among the manufacturer's specifications, with your Surgeon to create a fit and size that is custom to your body type.

3. Breast Implant Shape - Round or Anatomical / Teardrop

Now that you have the right size picked out, do you want round or anatomical (also known as shaped or "tear drop") breast implants? Anatomical implants are meant to mimic the slope of a natural breast. However, a round implant when not lying down, takes on basically the same shape.

Round Implants.

What's natural looking? Round implants, placed under the muscle may have a more natural appearance than shaped/contour implants which can appear somewhat elongated in appearance in some women. Shaped implants tend to remain stationary, so they stay in the same place. When a woman lies down, round implants on the other hand, settle back evenly, like normal breasts. When a woman stands up, the saline goes to the bottom of the implants because of gravity, and the implants assume a natural teardrop shape anyway.

Anatomical/ Teardrop.

These are all terms used to describe an implant that is manufactured to be pre-shaped. Unlike a round implant, a "shaped" implant by design has a top and a bottom (it is tear drop shaped). These have a textured surface to avoid the implant flipping, leaving the implant upside down and misshapen in appearance. (This can be corrected but it is not a usual occurrence.) Unlike round implants, a teardrop implant will maintain the same shape lying down, which can appear unnatural in some women.

Round Breast Implants Shaped Breast Implant

4. Breast Implant Surface -Textured Surface or Smooth Surface.

You've picked out a round or anatomical implant. You can choose a smooth surface breast implant or a textured surface breast implant.

Textured Implants.

Why do some implants have textured surfaces? All types of solutions have been attempted for decades to prevent scar tissue from becoming unacceptably hard around the breast implant. The body causes scar tissue to form around any foreign object in the body. The formation of scar tissue is known as capsular contracture when it becomes painful or unacceptably firm. Textured surface implants are an attempt to solve this problem. By adding a textured surface, manufacturers hope to prevent scar tissue fibers from lying down uniformly.

According to a number of studies, a textured surface is not likely to reduce the risk of capsular contracture but other studies do find a reduction in contracture. Ask your doctor what his or her experience has been and what is best for you. Unfortunately, the same characteristics of a textured surface that may cause the scar tissue to form erratically around the textured implant. This may cause the implant to appear rippled in appearance. Furthermore, textured implants often have thicker shells and may be firmer in appearance and palpability.

Smooth Surface Implants.

Most breast implants have a smooth surface. Since there is little consensus on whether textured implants will actually reduce the rate of contracture significantly enough to warrant other potential disadvantages discussed above, many doctors prefer to use smooth, round implants. Most often, implants are placed under the muscle in order to potentially reduce the incidence of capsular contracture.

5. Breast Implant Profile - Low, Moderate, High, or Moderate Plus.

Until recently, most patients never discussed profile with their plastic surgeons. If you chose a certain size implant, you would receive a determined amount of forward projection from that size implant. Now, you can choose an implant size and, if you like, have that size implant stick out more, or less than the base diameter would usually dictate. This works well for certain body types. Note the different heights below. For a woman with a very narrow frame, a moderate or low profile implant might result in a desired size, but may be too wide and carry the implant too far to the cleavage and underarm. By using a high profile implant, this patient can get the larger implant he/she desires. By the same token, a wide framed patient may find that in order to adequately cover the natural diameter of their breast size, the desired implant would have far too much projection. A low or moderate profile might work better. Your plastic surgeon can help you choose.

Low Profile Implants.

These breast implants have less projection per measurement of base diameter than a moderate profile breast implant.

Moderate(Medium) Profile Implants.

This breast implant profile is the "normal" profile.

High Profile Implants.

These breast implants have more projection per measurement of base diameter than a moderate profile breast implant. An added benefit of the high profile is that in order to create the profile, the side wall of the implant has more height, which may reduce visible rippling.